Madhubani Painting from Bihar

Madhubani painting is a traditional Indian art form, originated in a small village i.e. Madhubani in Bihar. Originally, the womenfolk of the village portrayed the walls of their houses with illustrations of their hopes, thoughts, and dreams. Gradually the painting started becoming the part of special occasions and festivities. This ancient form of art has also been known to portray scenes of cultural events, religious rituals and wedding rituals such as festivals from mythology like Ramayana.
In ancient times, Madhubani paintings were done using fingers and twigs, now matchsticks, as well as pen nibs, are used to draw those beautiful characterisations of figures that have remarkably outlined natural elements like bulging fishes, pointed nose, parrots, turtles, moon, stars, bamboo tree and lotus alluring bright colours are used to paint these art forms, frameworks are graciously done with rice paste, natural dyes are used in these paintings for eg, soot and charcoal for black, red from sandalwood, blue from indigo, turmeric extract for yellow . Various geometric and floral patterns can also be visualized in these art forms symbolizing love, devotions, fertility, velour, and prosperity.
Many artisans from Ranti village, Bihar have made huge efforts to keep the art form alive by educating and training other women in the village how to make Madhubani painting a way of life and take that heritage forward. The work of Madhusundari Devi, Dularia, and Mahalaxmi was appreciated and commissioned by the Government of India and also established a place in the Mithila museum of Japan.


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